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Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF) Discussion
 
(Caution: Version displayed is not the latest version. - Issued 0840Z Jan 21, 2018)
 
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Abbreviations and acronyms used in this product
 
Geographic Boundaries -  Map 1: Color  Black/White       Map 2: Color  Black/White


QUANTITATIVE PRECIPITATION FORECAST DISCUSSION
NWS WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER COLLEGE PARK MD
340 AM EST SUN JAN 21 2018


PRELIM DAY 1...DAY 2 AND DAY 3 QPF DISCUSSION
VALID JAN 21/1200 UTC THRU JAN 24/1200 UTC
REFERENCE AWIPS GRAPHICS UNDER...PRECIP ACCUM - 24HR

DAY 1

CENTRAL ROCKIES INTO THE CENTRAL PLAINS AND TOWARD THE UPPER MS
VALLEY

THE FORMING CLOSED LOW OVER THE FOUR CORNERS AREA EARLY DAY 1 WILL
BE PUSHING STEADILY EASTWARD ACROSS THE CENTRAL ROCKIES SUNDAY AND
INTO THE CENTRAL PLAINS SUNDAY NIGHT-EARLY MONDAY.  THERE ARE ONLY
SOME MINOR TIMING DIFFERENCES WITH RESPECT TO THIS EVOLUTION OF
THE MID LEVEL AND SURFACE CENTERS WITH THIS SYSTEM.  AN
INCREASINGLY WELL DEFINED COMMA HEAD/DEFORMATION PRECIPITATION
BAND EARLY DAY 1 STRETCHING FROM THE CENTRAL ROCKIES INTO THE
CENTRAL HIGH PLAINS WILL EXPAND WITH TIME EAST NORTHEASTWARD INTO
THE CENTRAL PLAINS SUNDAY AND TOWARD THE UPPER MS VALLEY SUNDAY
NIGHT-EARLY MONDAY.  HEAVY SNOWS LIKELY IN THIS COMMA
HEAD/DEFORMATION REGION STRETCHING DAY 1 FROM NORTHEAST
COLORADO/FAR SOUTHEAST WY----ACROSS NW KS---MUCH OF NE SAVE FOR
THE FAR SOUTHEAST---SOUTHEAST SD INTO FAR NW IA.  SEE THE LATEST
QPFHSD FOR ADDITIONAL WINTER WEATHER INFORMATION ACROSS THESE
AREAS.

EASTERN PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN PLAINS INTO THE LOWER TO MID MS
VALLEY REGION

PRECIPITATION EXPECTED TO BECOME INCREASINGLY ACTIVE TO THE
SOUTHEAST OF THE STRONG EJECTING CENTRAL PLAINS CLOSED LOW---ALONG
AND AHEAD OF THE ASSOCIATED COLD FRONT PUSHING EAST FROM THE
EASTERN PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN PLAINS LATE SUNDAY AFTERNOON TO
THE LOWER MS VALLEY REGION BY EARLY MONDAY.  INSTABILITY WILL BE
PEAKING ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE FRONT IN THE 0000 TO 0600 UTC TIME
FRAME FROM EASTERN PORTIONS OF THE SOUTHERN PLAINS---NORTHEASTWARD
TO THE LOWER MO VALLEY/MID MS VALLEY REGION.  EXPECT A WELL
DEFINED FRONTAL/PRE-FRONTAL CONVECTIVE LINE TO STRETCH FROM
NORTHEAST TX INTO FAR SOUTHEAST OK---NW AR INTO SOUTH CENTRAL MO
IN THE 0000-0600 UTC TIME FRAME.  THIS PERIOD WILL HAVE THE
GREATEST PRECIP POTENTIAL AS THE DEVELOPING CONVECTIVE LINE WILL
BE SLOWER MOVING WITH SOME POTENTIAL FOR A SMALL PERIOD OF
TRAINING OF CELLS IN A SOUTHWEST TO NORTHEAST DIRECTION FORM
NORTHEAST TX INTO FAR SOUTHEAST OK---WESTERN AR.  SHORTLY PRIOR TO
0600 UTC AND AFTERWARD---THIS CONVECTIVE LINE IS EXPECTED TO
BECOME MORE PROGRESSIVE---LOWERING THE PRECIP POTENTIAL TOWARD THE
LOWER TO MIDDLE MS VALLEY REGION.  HOURLY RAINFALL RATES OF
1.00-1.5" POSSIBLE IN THE 0000-060O UTC TIME PERIOD FROM NORTHEAST
TX INTO FAR SOUTHEAST OK AND WESTERN AR WHERE ISOLATED RUNOFF
ISSUES MAY DEVELOP.  THE MARGINAL RISK IN THE EXCESSIVE RAINFALL
POTENTIAL OUTLOOK ACROSS THIS AREA WAS MAINTAINED---NARROWED
SLIGHTLY ON THE EASTERN END TO REFLECT THE MORE PROGRESSIVE NATURE
OF THE CONVECTIVE LINE AFTER 0600 UTC.  OVERALL---WIDESPREAD
MODERATE TO LOCALLY HEAVY PRECIP TOTALS LIKELY WITH THIS
DEVELOPING PRE-FRONTAL/FRONTAL SQUALL LINE.

PACIFIC NORTHWEST INTO NORTHERN CALIFORNIA

STRONG NORTHEAST PACIFIC HEIGHT FALLS EXPECTED TO PUSH EASTWARD
INTO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST ON SUNDAY AND INTO THE NORTHERN ROCKIES
BY EARLY MONDAY.  AN ORGANIZED AREA OF PRECIPITATION ALONG AND
AHEAD OF THE ASSOCIATED FRONTAL BOUNDARY WILL SUPPORT WIDESPREAD
MODERATE TO HEAVY PRECIP TOTALS FROM THE WASHINGTON-OREGON
CASCADES---WEST TO THE WA/OREGON COAST RANGE AND SOUTHWARD INTO
NORTHWEST CALIFORNIA.  MODEL CONSENSUS FOR THE HEAVIEST TOTALS DAY
1 ARE ACROSS THE OLYMPIC RANGE OF WASHINGTON AND THE FAR NORTHWEST
CALIFORNIA AND FAR SOUTHWEST OREGON COAST RANGES WHERE THE STRONG
SOUTH SOUTHWESTERLY LOW LEVEL FLOW ALONG AND AHEAD OF THE FRONT
WILL HAVE THE GREATEST UPSLOPE COMPONENT.  THIS FRONT IS EXPECTED
TO BE PROGRESSIVE AND PW VALUES ALONG AND AHEAD OF IT ARE EXPECTED
TO ONLY BE NEAR SEASONAL NORMS.  THIS SHOULD PRECLUDE VERY HEAVY
PRECIP TOTALS---WITH MAX AMOUNTS IN THE 2-4" RANGE ACROSS THE
OLYMPIC RANGE AND THE FAR NW CA AND FAR SW OREGON COAST RANGES.
THE MARGINAL RISK AREA ON THE EXCESSIVE RAINFALL POTENTIAL OUTLOOK
WAS MAINTAINED OVER FAR SOUTHWEST OREGON AND NORTHWEST CALIFORNIA
FOR POTENTIAL RUNOFF/DEBRIS FLOW ISSUES OVER RECENT BURN SCAR
AREAS.


INLAND INTO THE NORTHERN GREAT BASIN AND NORTHERN
ROCKIES---GENERALLY MODERATE PRECIP TOTALS IN THE .10-.25" RANGE
EXPECTED FROM NORTHEAST OREGON---FAR EASTERN WA AND INTO CENTRAL
TO NORTHERN IDAHO.

DAY 2/3


...WEST COAST/NORTHERN ROCKIES...

SHORT WAVE ENERGY AFFECTS THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN
ROCKIES DURING DAY 2...RESULTING IN QPF...MAINLY ACROSS THE HIGHER
TERRAIN. AS A LONG WAVE TROUGH SLOWLY APPROACHES THE WEST COAST
DURING DAY 3...STRONG SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM THE LONG WAVE
TROUGH TAPS DEEP MOISTURE TO PRODUCE HEAVY TO LOCALLY EXCESSIVE
RAINFALL AMOUNTS ACROSS NORTHERN CA INTO SOUTHWEST OR. THERE IS
BETTER AGREEMENT WITH THE POTENTIAL FOR HEAVY RAINFALL OVER
NORTHWEST CA/SOUTHWEST OR ON DAY 3...SO THE WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A
BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
SHORT WAVE ENERGY EXITING THE NORTHERN ROCKIES EARLY ON DAY 2
PROVIDES SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT OVER THAT REGION. THIS...IN
CONJUNCTION WITH UPSLOPE FLOW...COULD PRODUCE LOCAL 0.25 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS OVER THE NORTHERN BITTERROOT RANGE IN ID...THE ROCKY
MOUNTAIN FRONT RANGE IN MT...AS WELL AS THE GRAND TETONS IN WY.
FURTHER WEST...SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM A LONG WAVE TROUGH
WELL WEST OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST COMES ASHORE BETWEEN 23/06Z AND
23/12Z. A 40 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 0.75 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER TO THE COAST...AND THE UPSLOPE FLOW IS EXPECTED
TO AID IN THE PRODUCTION OF AXES OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF
ACROSS THE WA CASCADES.

DAY 3...
AS THE LONG WAVE TROUGH SLOWLY APPROACHES THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST
DURING DAY 3...SHORT WAVE ENERGY IS EJECTED INTO THE INCREASINGLY
FAST MID LEVEL FLOW OVER THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST AND NORTHERN
CA...MAINLY DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE PERIOD. A 50 KNOT LOW
LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00 INCH PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR
TO THE COAST...WHICH BECOMES FOCUSED OVER THE NORTHERN CA COASTAL
RANGES...AS WELL AS KLAMATH MOUNTAINS IN SOUTHWEST OR. THE
COMBINATION OF LIFT IN THE RIGHT REAR QUADRANT OF A 110 KNOT JET
STREAK CROSSING WA INTO BRITISH COLUMBIA AND THE STRONG UPSLOPE
FLOW IS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE AN AREA OF 3.00 TO 4.00 INCHES OF QPF
IN THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREA. THESE AMOUNTS ARE SUPPORTED BY MEMBERS
OF THE 00Z GEFS SHOWING 3.00 TO 4.00 INCHES OF QPF HERE. AFTER
COLLABORATING WITH WFO MFR...A MARGINAL RISK WAS PLACED ACROSS A
SMALL PORTION OF NORTHWEST CA INTO SOUTHWEST OR TO COVERAGE THE
FLOOD THREAT.

FURTHER NORTH ACROSS WA AND WESTERN OR...THE SYNOPTIC SCALE LIFT
IS STRONGER...BUT THE DEPTH OF THE MOISTURE IN THE PACIFIC
MOISTURE PLUME IS NOT AS ROBUST AS FURTHER SOUTH. THE 40/50 KNOT
LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW BECOMES FOCUSES ON THE OLYMPIC RANGE IN
WA AND THE NORTHERN OR COASTAL RANGE. THERE IS A MULTI MODEL
SIGNAL FOR 2.00 TO 3.00 INCHES OF QPF HERE...WITH THE HIGHEST
AMOUNTS EXPECTED OVER THE HIGHER PEAKS OF THE OLYMPIC RANGE.
LESSER QPF AMOUNTS (GENERALLY BETWEEN 1.00/2.00 INCHES) ARE
EXPECTED OVER THE WA CASCADES...WHERE LOWERING SNOW LEVEL SHOULD
MITIGATE ANY FLOOD THREAT DURING DAY 3.

FINALLY...SOME OF THE PACIFIC MOISTURE PLUME SURVIVES THE TRIP
INTO THE NORTHERN ROCKIES DURING THE LAST PORTION OF DAY 3.
UPSLOPE FLOW AND SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT COMBINE TO PRODUCE LOCAL
0.75 INCH QPF AMOUNTS ACROSS THE NORTHERN BITTERROOT RANGE IN ID.

HEAVY SNOWFALL IS POSSIBLE ACROSS THE HIGHER TERRAIN OVER THE
PACIFIC NORTHWEST...MAINLY DURING DAY 3. PLEASE REFER TO THE
LATEST SUITE OF WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...UPPER MS VALLEY/GREAT LAKES/NORTHEAST...

A CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER THE CENTRAL PLAINS EARLY ON DAY 2
TRACKS OVER THE UPPER GREAT LAKES BY THE END OF THE
PERIOD...BEFORE OPENING UP INTO A NEGATIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE
TROUGH THAT MOVES OVER NEW ENGLAND DURING DAY 3. SURFACE LOW
PRESSURE ASSOCIATED WITH MID LEVEL SYSTEM CROSSES THE MID MS
VALLEY AND GREAT LAKES ON DAY 2...BEFORE EXITING INTO EASTERN
CANADA ON DAY 3. THERE IS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING OF
THE SYNOPTIC SCALE FEATURES...AS WELL AS THE PLACEMENT OF THE AXIS
OF HIGHEST QPF...ESPECIALLY DURING DAY 2. WITH THIS IN MIND...THE
WPC QPF WAS BASED ON A BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
AS THE CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW AND SURFACE SYSTEM TRACK FROM THE
CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING DAY 2...A BAND OF
MID LEVEL FRONTOGENETIC FORCING IS EXPECTED TO STRETCH FROM
EASTERN NE ACROSS NORTHERN IA/SOUTHERN MN INTO CENTRAL WI AND THE
UP OF MI. THE BEST LIFT IS EXPECTED DURING THE FIRST PART OF THE
PERIOD...AS THE SURFACE LOW DEEPENS...AND MODEL SOUNDINGS ACROSS
THE MID LEVEL FORCING SHOWED ELEVATED INSTABILITY EXTENDING
SOUTHWARD INTO SOUTHERN WI/NORTHERN IL AND THE SOUTHERN PORTION OF
MI. THERE WAS GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT PLACING A LONG AXIS OF
0.75/1.00 INCHES OF QPF OVER THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREA. FURTHER
SOUTH ACROSS THE SOUTHERN PORTION OF MI...WHERE THE WARM SECTOR
COULD BRIEFLY POKE NORTHWARD...SURFACE BASED CONVECTION COULD TAKE
ADVANTAGE OF THE MOISTURE IN PLACE TO PRODUCE LOCAL 1.25 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS...MAINLY AFTER 23/00Z.

ISENTROPIC LIFT ALONG THE ELEVATED WARM FRONT EXTENDING ACROSS
SOUTHERN QUEBEC REACHES UPSTATE NY INTO NEW ENGLAND AFTER 23/00Z.
THE FOCUS FOR THE BEST LIFT IS EXPECTED ACROSS NORTHERN NEW
ENGLAND...WHERE A SWATH OF 0.25 TO 0.50 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED.

DAY 3...
CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OPENS UP INTO A NEGATIVELY TILTED LONG WAVE
TROUGH THAT CROSSES NEW ENGLAND DURING DAY 3...AS THE SURFACE LOW
TRACKS ACROSS QUEBEC INTO THE CANADIAN MARITIMES. THE FOCUS FOR
DEEPENING MOISTURE (AS PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES TOP OUT NEAR 1.00
INCHES...WHICH IS BETWEEN TWO AND THREE STANDARD DEVIATIONS ABOVE
THE MEAN) AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY (PROBABLY ELEVATED...BASED ON
00Z GFS SOUNDINGS) IS A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM THE LOW
SOUTH ACROSS NEW ENGLAND. A 50 TO 70 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHERLY FLOW
PUMPS THE HIGH MOISTURE AIR AND MARGINAL INSTABILITY OVER EASTERN
NEW ENGLAND BETWEEN 23/12Z AND 23/18Z. A LARGE SWATH OF 1.00 TO
.125 INCHES OF QPF WAS PLACED HERE...WITH LOCAL 1.75 INCH QPF
AMOUNTS POSSIBLE OVER DOWNEAST ME...WHERE THE MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY MAXIMIZE. THERE IS STILL AS MUCH AS 12 INCHES OF SNOW
IN PLACE OVER DOWNEAST ME...AND THE COMBINATION OF RAINFALL AND
SNOWMELT COULD RESULT IN FLOODING ISSUES. EVEN THOUGH THIS COULD
END UP BEING A FLOOD VERSUS FLASH FLOOD THREAT...AND AFTER
COLLABORATING WITH WFO CAR...A MARGINAL RISK WAS PUT IN PLACE OVER
DOWNEAST ME FOR DAY 3.

SNOWFALL AND ICE ARE EXPECTED ACROSS THE UPPER MS VALLEY INTO NEW
ENGLAND DURING DAYS 2 AND 3. PLEASE REFER TO THE LATEST SUITE OF
WPC WINTER WEATHER PRODUCTS FOR MORE INFORMATION.


...SOUTHEAST/TN VALLEY/OH VALLEY/MID ATLANTIC...

AS STRONG LOW PRESSURE WRAPS UP ACROSS THE GREAT LAKES INTO NEW
ENGLAND DURING DAYS 2 AND 3...A FRONTAL BOUNDARY EXTENDING FROM
THE LOW BECOMES THE FOCUS FOR DEEPENING MOISTURE AND MARGINAL
INSTABILITY FEEDING LOW TOPPED CONVECTION PRODUCING LOCALLY HEAVY
RAINFALL. THERE WAS GENERALLY GOOD MODEL AGREEMENT WITH THE TIMING
OF THE FRONTAL BOUNDARY...AS WELL AS THE PLACEMENT OF THE MAXIMUM
QPF. WITH THIS IN MIND...THE WPC QPF WAS BASED PRIMARILY ON A
BLEND OF THE 00Z ECMWF/GFS.

DAY 2...
SHORT WAVE ENERGY EJECTED FROM A STRONG CLOSED MID LEVEL LOW OVER
THE UPPER GREAT LAKES DURING DAY 2 PROVIDES SYNOPTIC SCALE ASCENT
ACROSS THE SOUTHEAST STATES INTO THE TN AND OH VALLEYS ALONG AND
AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT CROSSING THE REGION. AHEAD OF THE FRONT...A
40/50 KNOT LOW LEVEL SOUTHWEST FLOW TRANSPORTS 1.00 INCH
PRECIPITABLE WATER AIR ACROSS THE ABOVEMENTIONED AREAS. MODEL
SOUNDINGS SHOWED MARGINAL INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THE FRONT (WHICH
BECOMES MAINLY ELEVATED ACROSS THE OH VALLEY)...AND THE MOISTURE
AND INSTABILITY COULD SUPPORT BROKEN LINES OF CONVECTION PRODUCING
LOCAL 0.50 TO 1.00 QPF AMOUNTS. FOR THE MOST PART...THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE VALUES ARE ABOVE 1.50/200 INCHES (WITH THE
LOWEST VALUES OVER OH/WV)...AND THE 850-300 MB MEAN FLOW SHOULD
KEEP THE CONVECTION FROM POSING A SIGNIFICANT TRAINING THREAT.
WITH THIS IN MIND...NO FLASH FLOOD RISK AREAS WERE PUT IN PLACE
FOR DAY 2.

DAY 3...
THE SURFACE FRONT CROSSES THE MID ATLANTIC COAST BETWEEN 23/12Z
AND 23/18Z. THE BEST COMBINATION OF MOISTURE AND MARGINAL
INSTABILITY IS EXPECTED OVER THE NORTHERN DELMARVA PENINSULA INTO
NJ DURING THIS TIME...AND A BROKEN LINE OF LOW TOPPED CONVECTION
COULD PRODUCE 0.50 TO 1.00 INCHES OF QPF BEFORE THE FRONT EXITS
THE COAST. AT THIS TIME...THE THREAT FOR FLASH FLOODING SEEM
FAIRLY LOW...AS THE CONVECTION SHOULD BE MOVING...AND THREE HOUR
FLASH FLOOD GUIDANCE OF GENERALLY ABOVE 1.50 INCHES.

AS THE FRONT CROSSES FL EARLY ON DAY 3....THE MOISTURE AND
INSTABILITY AHEAD OF THE FRONT COULD SUPPORT CONVECTION THAT EXITS
THE EAST COAST BEFORE 23/18Z. LIFT IN THE RIGHT REAR QUADRANT OF A
130 KNOT JET STREAK OVER THE MID ATLANTIC STATES COULD SUPPORT
CONVECTIVE ORGANIZATION...AND A LOCAL 0.75 INCH QPF AMOUNT WAS
PLACED OVER CENTRAL FL TO ACCOUNT FOR THE STORMS.


ORAVEC/HAYES


GRAPHICS AVAILABLE ON THE WEB AT www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/qpf/qpf2.shtml

24HR QP VT 22/12Z
 0.01 537202 536191 534180 531172 526166 514155 500145 489133
      486130 482129 478127 477128 472128 471130 469133 471137
      474140 478144 476147 472146 466140 460139 454142 452146
      448148 437141 433142 429139 425136 422136 412146 409150
      406151 402157 393172 391176 390181 392184 397185 402180
      409179 414179 417182 422189 427194 431197 433202 420197
      415198 412199 412202 415206 414209 410210 406208 403206
      399203 394201 391198 386197 382197 382200 383204 383209
      378215 372218 370220 370222 369226 370235 369247 373255
      378262 381269 384276 389282 392284 395285 402280 407276
      411274 414273 431273 446273 453272 461273 476275 486278
      491281 494284 501289 505290 507288 512281 515278 516273
      520262 521255 520248 521242 523237 527231 533216 537202
 0.01 490884 490875 488869 485865 481864 474871 470870 464871
      464883 466887 466891 465898 465906 465910 467912 469918
      472917 473909 475902 477897 482897 488887 490884
 0.01 457729 456722 456715 454703 450695 446690 443699 442703
      442709 442715 441720 440724 441730 443740 442744 441747
      438746 434746 430745 424738 422735 418731 415729 411730
      408731 408735 409747 404754 401762 401772 399781 394789
      391792 391796 393819 389829 386838 383858 384868 385871
      382874 368880 352887 338893 331896 323899 308906 301910
      296915 291920 284926 280932 274940 266952 260957 254962
      253965 255967 262970 265969 269971 271974 274975 277976
      281980 285987 289993 291996 295995 301989 309984 321977
      335970 343967 350964 363956 370952 370947 375945 380947
      382949 387956 389959 389965 389974 384976 380974 376975
      373979 371983 371988 371994 373997 374999 374003 373014
      364027 363034 364038 364043 362046 356051 351056 356060
      360060 357064 357070 357077 354079 349078 346080 341086
      336079 331079 329083 330091 331095 334099 338100 341098
      342091 354095 362092 366095 369095 372096 374100 377101
      381099 387096 394094 399088 401085 405086 404100 402106
      399108 394109 390111 384115 379121 375123 374127 373129
      377131 380130 383128 390123 395119 402116 407117 410115
      417111 422105 422098 421094 421089 427090 429094 433095
      435092 434088 434082 436076 438074 441077 445012 448986
      450962 452942 453935 454930 454915 454908 455903 453894
      448875 441827 441814 440808 444805 448802 451804 455804
      457800 459790 458775 457763 458758 457751 456738 457729
 0.01 332058 332055 330055 329055 328055 328057 328058 330058
      332058 332058
 0.01 265798 263796 260796 259797 255798 253800 251802 250804
      251806 254808 255808 258807 261805 263803 264800 265798
 0.25 532205 532196 530188 527182 523176 512168 506166 499167
      492165 485162 482164 482169 485176 490180 494185 500184
      505188 514199 518204 523208 526210 528209 532205
 0.25 515264 517256 517250 515237 512226 506216 500208 493201
      489196 485193 481195 479199 476203 472205 469207 463207
      447215 438215 426213 421222 421226 416226 417222 415217
      405213 398208 393207 391216 374222 373225 374231 378240
      381250 384255 387258 392266 396270 401270 418263 426259
      434256 454256 464256 474259 481265 489272 497280 504284
      508281 511274 515264
 0.25 493238 492232 490229 486225 482224 477223 474224 471226
      474227 478225 480228 481232 483234 486234 491237 493238
 0.25 473158 472156 472154 472153 471152 469151 467151 466152
      465154 467157 468158 470159 471160 473158
 0.25 463181 463178 461176 456175 453166 446161 442159 439161
      438163 441166 444171 446175 445179 441182 440187 440193
      443203 446204 448197 450193 453191 460186 463181
 0.25 441993 443978 443971 442965 440960 439954 439939 441927
      441910 441901 438897 434892 431888 430883 428872 428859
      427852 426847 421838 419834 416833 414835 411844 410856
      409862 408866 405875 402879 398881 395884 391886 372892
      355897 345901 339904 322913 309921 303928 298937 299943
      301946 310947 307956 308963 307969 308972 311972 316971
      326967 339959 346954 352948 365938 378929 387924 396921
      402920 403915 411912 413913 416917 414920 410919 408923
      408929 410941 410951 409964 405975 400981 397983 395988
      391998 387004 385008 385014 385022 382026 377026 373030
      372035 374039 379037 381033 383031 386032 387036 388043
      388049 392052 394057 394061 393064 392067 396066 402058
      409060 412064 415064 417060 418057 420056 427061 429057
      429051 431035 433024 437014 439003 441993
 0.25 406854 406852 405850 404848 402849 402850 401852 400853
      400855 399857 399860 399862 400862 401863 403864 404864
      405865 405864 405862 406859 406857 406855 406854
 0.25 401076 402074 401072 400074 400076 401077 401076
 0.25 367054 365053 363053 361053 360054 359055 359056 361056
      362056 363055 365055 366055 367054
 0.50 527201 528196 527193 526190 524187 522184 521183 518180
      514181 513184 514187 516190 518193 519196 521198 522200
      525201 527201
 0.50 513263 515256 514248 513237 510227 504218 498211 494208
      491204 489200 487200 483202 479205 472209 465212 449217
      439217 436218 430218 427219 424222 427227 429231 429234
      427235 425234 415229 413219 409217 404217 403224 400225
      389222 383222 380224 379230 380234 383244 389250 394259
      399262 404261 412260 420258 436253 444250 452250 462250
      466250 471252 479258 487264 500278 503280 506279 509273
      510269 513263
 0.50 500251 497242 493233 491227 489223 479221 476220 471221
      469223 466227 468230 471230 475229 477229 480231 484238
      487237 491240 496248 498251 500251
 0.50 452173 451171 450170 450171 450173 451175 452173
 0.50 434995 434990 431987 430980 431975 432969 430965 426961
      423961 410973 406979 402989 393004 390013 389020 390025
      392036 394047 405035 409035 413038 418028 427011 431004
      433999 434995
 0.50 433909 434902 431898 427889 423880 421876 418873 414875
      411878 406887 400891 396892 390893 371896 362900 353903
      338910 323918 316923 310928 307933 305938 307943 309943
      317940 320939 323941 318946 316950 316954 316960 317963
      319964 325963 328961 335958 343953 348947 355942 370933
      376928 380925 382922 397913 411904 416905 418910 422917
      426919 430917 433909
 1.00 511255 511241 510236 508232 503223 499216 492214 487212
      484212 481213 481216 485218 490219 493222 495233 500243
      504250 507255 509256 511255
 1.00 503273 503268 501264 498257 494250 490242 488240 485241
      482242 480239 478232 475232 472234 470237 465236 458235
      451236 444238 442239 442242 450244 463243 467243 471244
      477248 484253 489259 499271 503273
 1.00 431248 430242 426238 416234 411231 409226 407232 404232
      401231 397228 390227 385226 384228 384232 390240 397248
      400251 406253 411254 417254 426252 429250 431248
 1.00 408007 408004 405005 403007 401009 399011 398014 397016
      397018 400019 402017 404014 406012 407010 408007
 1.00 373927 369926 366927 359930 352932 345936 339939 336941
      335945 335950 336952 343948 348944 354941 360936 366932
      371928 373927
 1.50 506242 506238 504236 503233 502230 501226 499223 498220
      496221 495226 495228 496233 498235 499238 501241 503242
      506242
 1.50 492253 492252 491250 490247 489246 488247 489249 489250
      490251 491253 492254 492253
 1.50 479241 479238 479237 478236 478234 476234 475234 474235
      473237 473239 475241 476242 478242 479241
 1.50 425242 424241 422240 421240 420240 419242 420244 422244
      424244 424243 425242
 1.50 410244 410240 408239 405237 402235 399234 397232 393231
      392234 394237 396239 397241 398244 402246 405246 407246
      410244
 1.50 357936 357935 355935 354936 355937 357936 357936
 1.50 354938 354937 352936 350938 352940 354939 354938
 1.50 351941 350938 348938 348939 346940 345941 343942 341943
      339945 339946 341947 343946 345945 346944 348943 348942
      350941 351941
 2.00 477238 477237 475237 477239 477238
 2.00 405241 405240 403238 401237 399239 400241 401243 402242
      404241 405241 

24HR QP VT 23/12Z
 0.01 540205 540199 538191 533179 527164 524158 520154 513147
      504139 498136 491133 486129 480125 476123 470122 467122
      465124 464119 465115 463103 461099 458097 454092 449090
      444089 438088 431089 428089 425091 424093 425096 427100
      424103 420107 419113 415113 412110 412108 410101 410098
      407095 406097 405102 405112 404116 406119 416125 418129
      415134 412134 411136 410142 409145 405151 401155 399160
      405162 412163 412171 413175 415177 419178 420181 420184
      421190 422195 426194 429193 432188 439178 442176 444172
      445168 447167 447177 450181 453184 458185 462181 465177
      468177 479181 486184 492186 496187 500189 509198 514204
      518209 527217 531220 533219 535215 538210 540205
 0.01 523264 523259 522253 519244 514232 509223 505216 503212
      503206 499201 495198 490197 486198 472204 455210 452211
      448211 441215 437219 436223 438226 442226 444229 443234
      439235 433234 422231 418234 417239 412246 406251 393265
      388271 386275 384281 385287 388292 394299 397302 401303
      410307 431310 439310 449314 460318 465319 470321 474322
      477321 485320 493314 500309 505303 511294
 0.01 511789 510772 509763 507754 505742 503734 501715 499706
      497698 492680 489672 485666 476653 468649 464647 457648
      444648 438650 434654 430660 428662 425664 422663 418664
      415665 413667 407671 404673 402678 398684 397691 399695
      400699 398702 398718 399727 399731 398735 389742 375749
      363757 354768 344774 336781 324781 315788 307789 301788
      297784 292782 290784 290789 294797 294800 292802 283804
      275805 269807 258809 253812 249816 245828 239838 232848
      229855 227861 226878 234888 236891 241893 247894 252897
      256896 259896 261898 263904 266910 273913 277918 279923
      279932 279937 281939 283941 288941 299935 308930 318924
      328918 339913 352908 360906 369905 377905 382905 383907
      382909 378922 375934 373939 374946 375955 376959 375963
      375969 376973 376977 378986 380993 382998 386003 391008
      394011 397012 410006 417001 426994 431990 434986 438983
      442978 446972 449967 453960 456954 459945 461935 464928
      467922 469917 472912 477901 483887 488874 490867 493859
      497853 500845 502838 505832 507822 508813 508805 508798
      511789
 0.01 451080 448075 447070 445065 446060 446051 443048 441045
      438045 434047 434054 437062 440067 443072 446077 449080
      451080
 0.01 424205 424199 421195 415195 413197 410202 408206 406208
      403207 391200 382193 377191 375194 376198 377204 378207
      377211 364212 360214 358218 356220 354223 355226 358232
      358238 357247 353267 353270 356271 359271 361270 362265
      364261 366253 368245 371239 373235 375233 382233 386236
      394237 405236 410234 415231 418225 418216 424205
 0.01 417067 416061 411058 406055 400055 396062 395069 397076
      402077 405079 407082 411085 413085 413080 416073 417067
 0.25 529197 531191 528186 525179 520173 516168 510164 506164
      504166 502171 503178 506185 514189 520193 526198 529197
 0.25 516270 518259 517254 515248 510236 505227 497211 494208
      489206 483207 479209 474214 471216 466215 456218 455223
      458225 462227 466227 470226 473223 477221 483222 486223
      491225 496231 500241 504249 503257 500255 494249 488242
      485238 481235 475234 470236 468237 469240 476246 485253
      490262 489271 488278 486279 471287 465293 464297 466301
      472305 477306 485305 491300 493297 496290 509278 514274
      516270
 0.25 490142 489139 487138 485136 482134 481132 478132 476134
      477137 480139 482140 485142 488143 490142
 0.25 490795 490779 489761 486742 484722 481701 478692 475684
      472679 468674 463671 457670 453671 447673 443678 440682
      438688 434692 432699 431705 430712 432721 432726 431728
      428730 426734 408749 401756 399761 395765 381782 366805
      359815 350822 344829 338837 335843 330845 323845 317847
      305850 298853 294856 288859 286858 284855 278850 279844
      277840 274836 269834 265836 261840 260846 260853 254856
      251860 249863 248867 247874 249881 254884 261886 272886
      284885 297884 309885 312887 310889 307894 300903 297907
      296914 296920 299922 305920 318913 336905 345901 356895
      369888 379881 384878 388877 399882 405887 410898 415910
      419921 423937 422946 421956 419962 415968 411972 407975
      403978 401984 403989 405989 410989 429979 443959 450945
      455931 464910 468900 473885 481852 488823 489818 489811
      490795
 0.25 481163 481160 480159 479157 477156 475155 474155 472154
      470154 469153 467153 465154 464156 465157 465159 466160
      468162 469162 471163 473163 474163 476163 478163 480163
      481163
 0.25 464239 464236 462234 457233 453234 450234 446236 442237
      438238 439241 442242 444242 448243 453243 457241 461240
      464239
 0.25 441108 440106 439107 438110 439110 440108 441108
 0.25 408826 408822 406822 404823 402825 399827 397829 394830
      392832 391833 392835 393838 396838 400838 403837 405836
      407832 407829 408826
 0.25 322793 321791 320791 319790 317791 315791 314792 313792
      312793 310794 309795 308796 307797 308799 310799 311798
      312798 314798 316797 317796 319795 321794 322793
 0.50 514258 513255 512251 511247 510244 509241 507239 506242
      507245 508248 509252 510256 511260 513260 514258
 0.50 498221 497217 495215 492212 491211 489211 486211 484212
      482215 482217 485218 488219 491220 494222 498221
 0.50 480792 480782 479770 476745 474728 471717 470714 467710
      464713 462716 459722 457730 454738 452747 448756 443763
      439764 436760 434758 432761 431769 431774 434777 435788
      432789 430785 428781 425780 425776 427772 423761 419753
      417752 414753 409757 404763 401770 401776 399780 394787
      390794 386802 382807 380809 379814 377821 379823 383824
      392821 398817 404811 406808 410809 417809 420809 422812
      423815 422821 419827 415834 411842 405859 406866 410872
      414877 418884 424907 425918 426931 425951 424961 423966
      421969 419973 419978 424978 428976 433970 437962 443952
      447945 450935 456914 459906 463898 469886 471878 473867
      479822 480792
 0.50 466222 466221 464221 462220 461220 460220 460221 462221
      464222 466222 466222
 0.50 450239 449239 447238 447239 449239 450239
 0.50 377839 377837 377836 375835 373836 371837 370839 368840
      367842 368844 368845 370844 372843 373842 374842 375840
      377839 377839
 0.50 368831 369828 367825 363823 360823 356824 353827 349830
      347833 347840 350844 354844 357841 360839 362836 366833
      368831
 0.50 358865 356858 354855 351853 338860 327868 325870 326875
      329877 332878 336879 338880 333887 324898 323900 324904
      331904 338901 344897 349893 351890 352886 352878 346875
      352871 358865
 0.50 342878 341877 339878 339879 341878 342878
 0.50 318858 317856 316856 315856 313856 311858 313858 315858
      317858 318858
 0.50 286875 284870 281868 275868 270868 267868 264870 261872
      261876 263880 267882 272881 278880 281878 285876 286875
 0.50 275853 272852 269851 267851 265852 262854 261856 261860
      260863 260866 262867 266867 268864 269862 271859 272857
      274855 275853
 1.00 447925 447921 443922 440921 438924 437928 436930 436934
      438930 439928 441925 442925 444928 445928 447925
 1.00 424860 425857 425855 425853 425850 424848 423848 422850
      421851 420853 419856 419858 418860 418863 419865 421864
      422863 423862 424860 424860 

24HR QP VT 24/12Z
 0.01 469621 480620 492621 501623 505630 507638 511650 516667
      520681 524696 523712 523732 521746 519763 517778 518801
      517814 514827 511833 509838 506844 501847 495848 491851
      487852 485854 483862 482867 480873 477885 473892 470895
      468895 466893 464890 464886 463881 461879 456877 454875
      450875 443876 438878 432879 427881 419882 415881 411878
      402872 398869 396867 396863 394860 394857 393849 396844
      398837 394831 390826 382821 378818 372817 362824 358826
      357820 364813 365810 363807 360805 354802 347803 340804
      335808 327814 317822 315826 311829 302834 293839 281846
      273851 257854 254854 251849 248845 246843 246840 248834
      250827 256820 251819 245819 242816 239811 237806 240802
      249794 254790 259788 263785 266780 271769 277761 284756
      291754 296754 304761 308758 310756 310752 312747 315742
      319738 323732 329725 335718 349700 355690 363680 378663
      389656 398651 423643 430641 435637 444629
 0.01 465622 464623 462624 461624 459625 457626 456626 454627
      452628 451629 449629 448630 446629
 0.01 535209 534198 532188 525172 521165 518159 513154 509148
      496140 491134 485130 479125 477123 474125 473127 474131
      477137 483143 485146 486149 484149 478146 468144 461142
      458144 455144 439141 435143 435148 434152 437156 440161
      441173 440180 435186 427199 422205 417212 412216 406219
      400223 398225 395231 393239 391246 381259 372272 368278
      368281 369284 375289 382293 391297 397302 411303 425303
      437301 445302 448302 453303 462306 466308 470311 475314
      482318 486319 489318 494314 500309 504301 505297 508294
      513288 514285 516280 518270 519260 518249 516240 513232
      511224 510212 509209 511206 514204 517207 521211 524214
      527215 535209
 0.01 527960 527950 524947 519946 515948 510949 507952 503956
      499954 489951 487949 485949 482949 482952 484957 487960
      496966 503972 512976 517976 520973 523968 526963 527960
 0.01 451100 450097 446097 441098 438098 435102 434104 435110
      440112 441116 445118 447116 448114 446109 446105 448102
      451100 451100
 0.01 277941 277926 276922 276914 273909 271906 268902 264900
      259898 254900 251903 248907 245918 244922 243929 241933
      239938 237951 237964 237970 238975 239981 240984 243985
      245989 245996 247001 251003 255004 260003 264001 268997
      270986 274962 277941
 0.25 514266 514258 513249 512242 510235 505221 502209 498196
      497191 498186 500179 501174 501170 498164 493161 489158
      482156 476156 470158 467159 466161 466167 462171 456170
      452168 448171 446180 448186 452187 455187 459185 463181
      466181 467184 469190 470193 469198 464201 454203 444208
      436213 427220 423225 418227 413228 409231 401239 387260
      381271 379277 379282 380284 393289 405293 411294 416294
      422293 428291 436284 440281 445279 455276 466275 471276
      476279 486288 490292 496294 500293 504289 507285 510276
      513271 514266
 0.25 511673 509661 507650 503641 499633 495628 488624 475626
      458634 445643 435652 428656 421659 412663 405668 393677
      373697 363708 353719 346730 335741 332746 330750 329754
      322767 311778 310780 312783 318784 367752 375751 378754
      378761 380765 382768 385770 387772 395770 401767 406767
      415765 422763 431761 435766 439765 441761 444754 448748
      451754 454762 457771 459782 461793 465793 467791 472786
      478781 486770 491764 496758 501752 505745 508736 509726
      509718 509705 511689 511673
 0.25 466816 467812 467809 465804 461801 459805 455813 449821
      446829 444840 444845 446849 450848 453845 458837 462828
      465819 466816
 0.25 468873 468871 467868 467866 467864 467863 466861 466858
      465857 464859 463859 463861 463863 463866 464868 464871
      464872 465873 466875 467873 468873
 0.25 429781 427779 424780 420784 418788 416793 414797 414802
      416807 419806 422803 424798 426793 427788 429783 429781
 0.25 292797 292794 289793 289789 287785 284785 276789 266794
      258799 258802 257804 257807 260812 264815 272818 275819
      278818 282815 287806 292798 292797
 0.25 259952 260943 259936 255932 252933 250935 248939 246946
      245953 245956 244962 247968 250969 253968 256964 258958
      259952
 0.50 506279 509266 510257 510250 504226 500214 494205 489198
      488190 489182 488176 488172 491171 491167 490165 486162
      483160 478160 475164 474174 477199 470204 461208 444216
      440217 437221 434226 434232 414233 407239 400246 388265
      383274 384279 387280 388283 408288 416286 425283 434279
      441273 448268 457265 468265 473266 478268 482271 486275
      489280 492283 497287 502286 506279
 0.50 504668 503656 500645 496638 492631 487628 479629 473631
      468634 461638 455643 442652 430660 420669 373701 362713
      357726 355732 351738 348745 345751 339755 336762 336763
      340762 344757 349752 356750 367741 378732 384728 392726
      397726 397729 395736 389748 388757 389763 391764 393762
      399759 407756 412756 417752 429745 432742 434740 438733
      442727 447722 452718 455715 459716 462723 464735 464741
      464747 464757 464764 466769 471773 476770 481764 488752
      493736 496727 498719 503684 504668
 0.50 486225 484224 483222 483221 481220 479220 478220 479222
      481223 481224 482225 484225 485226 486225
 0.50 436751 436748 434748 434749 435751 436751 436751
 0.50 281811 281809 282806 281805 280804 278803 276804 274803
      272803 271804 270804 270806 269807 268808 268810 269811
      271812 273814 275815 277815 279814 280813 280812 281811
 1.00 500274 501266 499260 495250 490241 484235 481230 478228
      469228 469224 471221 475218 478217 484219 488221 491224
      494230 496234 500238 502236 501230 497219 495214 492211
      488207 483204 478205 475207 459213 455215 454219 455223
      458228 456231 452233 444237 440239 435238 425235 416237
      409243 403249 400253 398256 399259 401264 399269 400272
      404269 413269 420264 429263 437259 444256 452253 461252
      471251 479252 482256 484261 487267 491273 496277 500274
 1.00 490644 487637 484635 481636 474639 469643 459652 449660
      443666 440672 437677 433684 429688 427691 426696 437698
      435706 429710 424713 418713 419716 423715 424717 422720
      418726 417729 418733 420735 424735 430732 433726 435720
      435713 435710 439708 444705 447702 451696 456692 462689
      469689 475690 481688 486683 488675 489666 490658 490650
      490644
 1.00 381709 381708 381706 379707 378707 378708 376709 374710
      373712 372713 371714 371716 372716 373716 375716 377715
      377714 378713 380711 380710 381709 381709
 1.50 492217 490215 489214 488213 487212 486210 484210 483209
      481208 479208 478209 476210 475212 477214 479214 480215
      482215 483216 485216 487217 488217 490218 492217
 1.50 480239 479233 474232 469234 466232 462232 458235 453238
      449241 448244 450246 457246 461245 467245 472245 478243
      480239
 1.50 479648 479645 478645 476646 475646 475647 473649 473650
      474651 475651 477650 478649 479648
 1.50 472216 471213 469212 467213 464214 461215 459216 458219
      458223 462224 464224 466222 468220 470218 472216
 1.50 463663 464660 461660 456662 453664 449667 447671 445676
      444681 449681 453678 456675 458672 461668 463663 463663
 1.50 433246 433242 431239 425237 419237 414241 410244 406248
      407255 410259 415258 420255 424253 429250 433246
 2.00 477238 476235 474235 472236 470237 470238 469240 470241
      471242 473242 475241 476240 477238 477238
 2.00 430243 428239 423238 419239 415241 413243 409246 407248
      410250 412250 415255 419252 422251 425249 428245 430243
 3.00 424244 425242 424240 422240 421240 420240 419241 418242
      418244 419244 420245 421245 422245 424244 424244